Despite containing less caffeine than Robusta coffee beans, Arabica beans, especially in Western culture, are considered far superior in taste, smoother and less acidic. According to the ICO, more than 60 per cent of the world coffee production comes from Arabica cultivators.
Arabica coffee Plant Profile
- family: Rubiaceae
- scientific name: coffea
- species: arabica coffee
- origin: Ethiopia
- vegetation: ever-green, overlapping
- height: 80-150 cm
- leaves: young leaves light green and shining, later darker green
- heyday: summer
- blossoms: white, radial
- fruit: red coffee cherries with two seeds each
Why is it called Arabica coffee?
Arabica coffee was named after the place it came from. Coffee was originally brought by Arabs from the Middle East to Yemen (Arabica Coffee was first grown around 800 AD in Yemen.), then spread throughout the world.
History of Arabica Coffee?
It makes sense to begin our coffee discussion with Africa as it is widely accepted as the birthplace of coffee and can be accredited with the very global nature, we see in the industry today.
The Bean was first discovered in Ethiopia, by a supposed goat farmer named Kaldi who noticed his goats behaving strangely after eating the cherries off a certain tree he found growing in the area. Kaldi sampled the cherries for himself and then shared his findings with his neighbours and friends who all felt the similar effects the goats had they were more energetic.
Arabica grows from a glorious smelling flower that appears after a couple of years and produces ellipsoidal fruits, inside which are flat coffee beans. The shrub can grow up to 5 meters but to make it commercially viable it is usually pruned at around 1.5M to 2M.
Arabica has two sets of chromosomes, so it is capable of self-pollination, which means that it’s from generally remains fairly stable because cross-pollination is less probable. Of the two most common varieties of Caffea arabica, Typica was the first variety of the species discovered and therefore, is regarded as the original coffee. It is a low-yielding variety that is valued for its excellent cup quality.
Bourbon varieties are often prized for their complex, balanced aromas and have spawned many high-quality mutations and subtypes, such as the natural mutations of Caturra, San Romon and Pacas.
Arabica coffee trees can be grown at an altitude of about one thousand to two thousand meters above sea level. These species are very sensitive to climatic conditions and are also vulnerable to pests.
There are more than 75 known types of coffee in the world. About 70% of the world’s coffee is Coffea Arabica, abbreviated as “Arabica”.Coffea Arabica is the first cultivated species of the coffee tree and still has the highest growth and cultivation in the world and has many fans among the people. This variety is dramatically superior to other commercial coffees, Cafia Caifura or Robusta.
Benefits and disadvantages of Arabica Coffee
One of the benefits of Arabica is wonderful and unique with a less sour taste that you can not find in any coffee type.
It has less caffeine so you feel more relax than Robusta. By containing more antioxidants, it can prevent cancer and other illnesses like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and memory disorders.
Talking about disadvantages, it is more expensive than other products and vulnerable to pests. it has more sugar and fat than Robusta seeds and less acidity than other coffees.
Features of Arabica coffee
This type of coffee has remained stable over the years due to its high pollination and has not changed much in its beans. In other words, it can be said that it is the most stable type of coffee, and it has no difference from the first fruit of the coffee tree that was discovered. This type of coffee is less bitter than other breeds of coffee, even if you have a dark roast of this coffee. Arabica coffee has less caffeine than other types of coffee, which we mentioned earlier.
Varieties of Arabica Coffee
- French Mission
- The Pacas and Pacamara
- Pointu Bourbon/Laurina
- SL varieties
- Villa Sarchi
- Bergendal, Sidikalang
- Jamaican Blue Mountain
- San Bernardo
- San Ramon
- Sumatra Lintong and Mandheling
- Heirloom Varieties
- Ethiopian Harrar
- Ethiopian Sidamo
- Ethiopian Yirgacheffe
- Bourbon/Typica Crosses
- Mundo Novo
- Robusta/Arabica Hybrids
- Ruiru 11
- Sulawesi Kalossi and Toraja
- Timor Arabusta
Are Arabica beans high in caffeine?
Arabica coffee beans contain caffeine an average of 1.9 mg of per bean. Coffee contains between 1.2 and 1.5 percent caffeine by weight. The most popular form of coffee is espresso, but decaffeinated coffee is also available.
Is Arabica coffee stronger than regular coffee?
There are many different kinds of coffee beans. Most of them come from either arabica or robusta. But there are other kinds, too. Some of these other kinds of beans include Kona, Guatemala, Sumatra, Indonesia etc.
These beans all have different tastes and flavors. Coffee is very important to people around the world because it helps you stay awake during long hours of work. A cup of coffee contains about 100 mg of caffeine per 8 oz cup (250 ml).
Arabica Vs Robusta?
Arabica coffee beans are more expensive than robusta, but they provide better taste and quality. However, this doesn’t necessarily mean that robusta beans aren’t as good. In some cases, you could get even better tasting drinks using only robusta beans.